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Surfindia » India Facts » Population of India

Population of India

(Census 2001)

India, 2.4% of world surface area (3.4% of landmass) holds 16.7% of the world population, is the second most populated country in the world. According to the census 2001, the population of India has been added at the rate of 21.34% in a decade, giving a figure of 1.027 billion people.

According to United Nation, India will overcome China by 2030 in population. The estimates released by UN on February 24, 2005 in New York, "World Population Prospects," figures India to have 1,395 million people by 2025 and 1,593 million by 2050.

The undermentioned table and other facts shows the segmentation of Indian population through different perspectives.

Quick Facts
25% of the India's poor live in urban areas 31% of the urban population is poor 29 life adds to population every minute from 24.79 births and 8.88 deaths per 1000
Uttar Pradesh most populated state, estimated more than Pakistan's population West Bengal most dense and Arunachal Pradesh least populated states Punjab and Haryana, 704 females per 1000 males
Growth rate expected to exceed China's by 2010 India will overcome China in population by 2030: UN Mumbai 3rd most populated city in the world


Total Population of India
Persons - 1,027,015,247
Males - 531,277,078
Females - 495,738,169
Sex Ratio - 933 females per 1000 males
Decadal Growth 1991-2001
Persons - (+) 21.34 %
Males - (+) 20.93 %
Females - (+) 21.79 %

Decadal Growth Rate (Adjusted) by Religious Communities
Hindus - 20.0 %
Muslims - 29.3 %
Christians - 22.1 %
Buddhists - 23.2 %
Jains - 26.0 %

Note:- Jammu and Kashmir has been excluded

Population (0-6 years)
Persons - 157,863,145
Males - 81,911,041
Females - 75,952,104
Sex Ratio - 927

Percentage of Population (0-6) to Total Population
Persons - 15.42 %
Males - 15.47 %
Females - 15.36 %

Number of Literates
Persons - 566,714,995
Males - 339,969,048
Females - 226,745,947
Increase in Literacy - 13.75 in 1991-2001

Percentage of Literates to Total Population
Persons - 165.38 %
Males - 75.85 %
Females - 54.16 %

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
Scheduled Castes - 166,635,700
Scheduled Tribes - 84,326,240
Proportion of SC - 16.2
Proportion of ST - 8.2

Workers: Main Workers, Marginal Workers and Non-Workers
Total Workers
Persons - 402,234,724
Males - 275,014,476
Females - 127,220,248

Main Workers out of Total Workers:-
Persons - 313,004,983
Males - 240,147,813
Females - 72,857,170

Marginal Workers out of Total Workers:-
Persons - 89,229,741
Males - 34,866,663
Females - 54,363,078

Non-Workers:-
Persons - 626,375,604
Males - 257,142,296
Females - 369,233,308

Urban Population of States/UTs
Persons - 283,741,818
Males - 149,291,091
Females - 134,450,727

Total Slum Population
Persons - 42,578,150
Males - 22,697,218
Females - 19,880,932

Total Slum Population
Persons - 42,578,150
Males - 22,697,218
Females - 19,880,932

Population by Age and Sex
0-14 years:-
Males - 175,228,164
Females - 165,190,951

15-64 years:-
Males - 324,699,562
Females - 301,821,383

65 years and older:-
Males - 23,925,371
Females - 23,138,386

Other Facts
Total Fertility Rate - 3.0 between 2000-2005
Infant Mortality (per 1000) - 67 in 2001
Maternal Mortality Rate - 540 in 2001 People Below Poverty Line - 28.6% in 2000
Life Expectancy - 63.9 in 2000
Physicians per 100,000 population - 48 in 1990-2002
Unemployment Rate - 8.8% (2002)

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