Lucknow City Guide
The Botanical Gardens of Lucknow has quite an intresting history. The gardens were established 200 years back. Later they fell into British hands and are now managed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India.
The Botanical Gardens are situated in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
The National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow is one of few of its kind in India. The institute has a long history, spanning from the times of Nawab rule and British Era to the recent takeover by the Government of India. The gardens were the famous 'Sikandar Bagh', which was laid out around 1800 A.D., as a royal garden, by Nawab Saadat Ali Khan. The garden was later improved upon by Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, the last nawab of Avadh. The name "Sikandar Bagh" was coined by Wajid Ali Shah, after the name of his queen, Sikander Mahal Begum. The garden was a platform for various recreational activities like dance, drama and other performances. During 1857, around 2000 soldiers were killed by the British army in the garden.
Later the garden got occupied by the Britishers, who not only expanded its area, but also developed it as a horticulture research society. Establishment of the Oudh Agri-Horticultural society, flower shows, supply and exchange of plants, flower nurseries and other activities started off under British rule. Several fruit orchards, a flower nursery and lawns were added to the Garden, which was also maintained as a public park.
In 1953, the gardens were taken over by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi. CSIR took the charge and made it a combination of a botanic garden and an applied botanical research laboratory. It was renamed as the National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) in October 1978. The R & D effort of the NBRI is now geared to the exploration, introduction, conservation, propagation, protection, genetic upgrading and utilization of native and exotic plant wealth of India.
Public Garden :
A large public park has been set up in the compound, open for general public. The park is lush green, with plantations of major plants, shrubs and herbs. It is a favourite spot for the evening-walkers.
Picnic Spot :
The Garden has been developed as a picnic spot. One can enjoy a day at Botanical Gardens with family and friends. The green surroundings provide a cool and soothing effect on the eyes. It can be enjoyed during summers also.
Flower Shows :
The flower shows during winters are a major attractions for locals and tourists. Hundreds of flower species are on disply during these shows. There theme based flower shows as well.
The internal transportation of Lucknow comprises of Taxis, Auto-rickshaws and Buses. One can also get a cab reserved for whole day of sightseeing.