Judaism is one of the world's four great monotheistic religion. It is identified as the religious culture of Jewish people and makes up the cultural system of Jewish law, tradition, and customs. It is also the smallest with a following of around 15 million people worldwide. Judaism is inextricably linked with a system of beliefs.
Judaism originated in the Middle-East and has spread all over the world. It is considered that the Patriarchs of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, are the founders of Judaism. They are also known as the physical and spiritual ancestors of Judaism. Jews derive their history from the written Torah, Talmud, Midrash and other sources.
Judaism is considered the first religion to be based on ethical monotheism. It also influenced the early development of Christianity and Islam with a major impact on western civilization.
The most central belief is about the existence of one God who created the world and continues to rule it. It is also believed that God revealed himself to the Israelis at Mount Sinai. The "Torah" is the content of the revelation. Another fundamental is the covenant between God and the Israeli. The Jews would obey and acknowledge God. God will also acknowledge the "Jewish people" as his chosen one.
Jews believe Christ was just another prophet and God is yet to deliver them the promised '' deliverer '' of Humanity which will also deliver all people Justice and Peace in a messianic age.
The "Torah" is considered the holy book of Jews. Studying the ' Torah ' is considered as an act of worship. On each sabbath and festivals, the 'Torah" is read religiously. In the Jewish year, major festivals includes passover, Shabuoth, Sukkot, Rosh Hashanah, and Yom Kippur and two minor ones; Hanukkah and Purim.
Synagogues or temples are a central institution of Jews since it is used for community prayer, studying and praying. Synagogues may vary in style and design but have the same common components such as the everlasting flame burning only in front of the ark.
Rabbis are the spiritual leaders of the Jewish community. A Rabbi is a formally educated teacher in Jewish Law ( Halakhah ). He instructs the community, settle disputes and answers questions regarding the Jewish law. He cannot perform rituals.