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Surfindia » Travel » Indian Wildlife

Indian Wildlife Travel Guide

Indian Tiger Tourist from all over the world visit India in order to explore the dynamic wildlife of India. Rich in stripped Royal Bengal Tiger, one horned Rhinoceros, Wild Buffalo, Swamp Deer and many other exciting animals, Indian wildlife is a must watch. Most of the sanctuaries have lakes which makes them picturesque and support rich aquatic life including fresh water crocodiles and a number of species of fishes and snakes.

Tourist from all over the world visit India in order to explore the dynamic wildlife of India. Rich in stripped Royal Bengal Tiger, one horned Rhinoceros, Wild Buffalo, Swamp Deer and many other exciting animals, Indian wildlife is a must watch. Most of the sanctuaries have lakes which makes them picturesque and supports rich aquatic life including fresh water crocodiles and a number of species of fishes and snakes. Water birds like corrnorants, darter, ibis, white breasted water hen, moorhen, jacanas, stilt, river tern, ringed plover, sand piper and herons (grey, and purple) are quite common. The wildlife population in India includes elephants, Indian bisons, swamp deer, sambhars, hog deer, sloth bears, tigers, leopard cats, jungle cats, hog badgers, capped langurs, hoolock gibbons, pigs, jackals, porcupines, pythons, buffaloes and of course the one horned rhinoceros. Pelican, duck, geese, hornbill, ibis, cormorant, egret, heron, black necked stork, lesser adjutants, ring tailed fishing eagles are also in plenty. During winters a large number of migratory birds are regular visitors.

Wildlife in India
Wildlife in Rajasthan
Sariska Tiger Reserve
Sariska Tiger Reserve lies in the Alwar district of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is a prime a tiger country. The forest is typical dry deciduous, dramatically changing with the change in season.

The Sariska park is home to numerous carnivores including Leopard, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat, Hyena, Jackal, and Tiger. These feed on an abundance of prey species such as Sambar, Chitel, Nilgai, Chausingha, Wild Boar and Langur. Sariska is also well known for its large population of Rhesus Monkeys, which are found in large numbers around Talvriksh.

The avian world is also well represented with a rich and varied birdlife. These include Peafowl, Grey Partridge, Bush Quail, Sand Grouse, Tree Pie, Golden backed Wood Pecker, Crested Serpent Eagle and the Great Indian Horned Owl.

Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary houses the world's largest collection of Indian native animals. Located in the center of India's popular holiday destination, the Sanctuary is aperfect oasis in Rajasthan. This sanctuary was developed ideally under the project Tiger, to preserve Tiger, the royal creature.

Ranthambore wildlife tour would take you to other inhabitants of the sanctuary such as marsh Crocodiles, Hyenas, Jungle Cats Chital, Nilgai, Chinkara, and Sloth Bears. Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary offers a unique natural experience.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
The 55 km journey by road from Agra drives you to the town of Bharatpur-the eastern gateway to Rajasthan. Bharatpur is popular for its bird sanctuary-the Keoladeo Ghana National Park - finest in Asia rich avian variety. Every year the rare Siberian cranes come to spend the winter in the warmer climate of Bharatpur.Of the remnants of the royal past remains the marvellous Bharatpur Palace housing a rich repository of a large number of ancient exhibit that date back to the early 15th century.

Wildlife in Kerala
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Elephant Safari Spanning over an area of 14 kms, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is located on the banks of the Vembanad Lake. Paradise for ornithologist's, the santuary is a favourite haunt of migratory birds like the siberian stork, egret, darter, heron and teal.

Set within the lush acres of wooded land nearby, acquaints you to the variety of migratory birds that flock in thousands, some from the Himalayas, some even from as far as Siberia.Thrill yourself with of the native kingfishers ablaze in psychedelic colours, experience a walk under rookeries of egrets and night herons or lone golden-backed woodpeckers and even delight in the acrobatics of the paradise fly-catchers.

Eravikulam National Park
Located in Kerala State of South India, Eravikulam National Park is listed in the IUCN Red Data Book as highly endangered. Due to considerable protection the number of the Tahrs have increased. Kerala State is the southernmost tip of India. Eravikulam National Park is located near Munnar, a tea town which is around 130 Kms away from Cochin, an important city and sea port of Kerala. Tiger, Panther and Wild dogs are usually sighted in both the open grass lands and sholas forests. Civet cat and jungle cat also live in the sholas. Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur and Wild boar are generally found in sholas and on their fringes. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is seen in this Park.

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
Indian Wildlife Amidst the Anamali Ranges of Tamil Nadu and the Nelliampathy Ranges of Kerala on the majestic Western Ghats lies the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary. It is an excellent example of serene, tranquil and undisturbed eco system. Located in Palakkad district, it was originally a small tract of reserve forest of 48 sq.kms. However, owing to growing wildlife needs, it was expanded in 1962, and today it is a vast expanse of greenery of 285sq.kms in area.

Suited for teak, the tract encouraged large scale teak plantations thorugh artifical regeneration in the early 20's. This was, however, abandoned when a full-fledged Wildlife department was formed in 1985. 9,000 ha of teak plantations in the sanctuary are being managed in such a way as to restore the forest's original status. A giant teak tree 40m high and 6.4m in girth is a standing monument of the past aptly named 'Kannimaram'.

Periyar National Park
The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the banks of the Periyar lake - an artificial lake, at Thekkady and is the pride of Kerala and a testimony to nature's splendour and human innovation,. Here the high ranges of the Western Ghats are clothed in dense evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savannah grasslands. Below this thick green canopy roam herds of elephants, sambars, tigers, gaurs, lion tailed macaques and Nilgiri langurs.

In addition to elephant rides, cruises on the lake and treks to the ruined Mangaladevi temple - a beautiful old stone temple situated in the heart of the Thekkady forest, this sanctuary offers the unique opportunity to watch and photograph wild elephants at close quarters.

Wildlife of Andhra Pradesh
Kawak wildlife
Indian Wildlife Kawak Wildlife Sanctuary in Adilabad district lies 50 km from Mancheral railway station. The prominent animals here are the sloth bear, deer, antelope and leopard. The delta region of the Godavari has the Coringa Sanctuary which is renowned for reptiles like the salt water crocodile. Just a few kilometres away from Hyderabad are three deer parks - the Jawahar Lake Deer Park, famous for the chital, and the Mahavir Vansthali Park, and Mrugavani Chilkur Park famous for the sambar, chinkara, chowsingha, blackbuck and chital.

Nehru Zoological Park
Situated on the Hyderabad-Bangalore highway, this zoological park is one of the largest in India and is just 16km from Hyderabad. The zoo houses nearly 1500 species of animals, birds and reptiles. There is a safari park where visitors can go on a conducted tour in protected vans to see the animals in their natural habitat. A Natural History Museum, an aquarium and a Children's Park are added attractions.

Srisailam Sanctuary
Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Sanctuary is the largest of India's Tiger Reserves, lies in the state of Andhra Pradesh. With rugged and winding gorges slice through the Mallamalai hills, the reserve is the large reservoir of the Nagarjunasagar Dam on the River Krishna. The dry deciduous forests with scrub and bamboo thickets provide shelter to a range of animals from the tiger and leopard at the top of the food chain, to deer, sloth bear, hyena, jungle cat, palm civet, bonnet macaque and pangolin. In this unspoilt jungle, the tiger is truly nocturnal and is rarely seen.

Wildlife at Karnataka
Nagarhole Wildlife Sanctuary
Originating from two Kannada words-'nagar' meaning snake and 'hole' meaning streams, the sanctaury is true to its name a number of streams snake through its rich tropical forests. Nagarahole is situated in the picturesque districts of Kodagu and Mysore in southern Karnataka. The Nagarahole National Park was first set up in 1955. In 1975 its area was increased to include a greater expanse of forest reserve.

Bandipur National Park
Indian Bird Sanctuaty The Bandipur Nabond Park is the home of some very rare species of animals and birds and was set up in 1931 in the foothills of the Nilgiris by the Mysore Mahara jas. One of the most fascinating sanctuaries of Karnataka, Bandipur has an exquisite variety of wildlife including tigers, peafowl, elephants, sambas, barking deer, quail and the hornbill. Another major attraction of the Park is the Safari on an elephant back which can make your trip an unforgettable experience. The best time to visit Bandipur (140 km from Mysore) is between June and October.

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary
Ranganathittu is a home for all wildlife birds. Just a walk around the sanctuary your eyes will be filled with surprises looking at the variety of birds from all over the world. Ranganathittu is indeed a beautiful bird sanctuary which should not be missed by bird lovers.

As a paradise for migratory birds it houses birds from Siberia, Australia, North America and other places migrate for their annual Indian holiday. It may be the Open-Bill Stork, The White Ibis, Egret, Heron, Partridge or even the Cormorant trying to say hello! Ranganthittu treats you to some glorious sights and surprises. A basket of visual delights - Crocodiles basking under the sun, otters running free, flocks of birds gathered on tiny islands.

The Bannerghatta National Park
Teeming with exotic species of wildlife, the Park was established in 1971. The park boasts of an astonishing variety of trees like sandal, jalari, chujjullu, neem, tamarind, zizyphus amongst others and lies 22 kms. from Bangalore. The 104 sq km-park includes ten reserve forests of Anekal Range of the Bangalore Forest Division. It is surrounded by scenic hills, with many ancient temples perched on them.

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