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Heads of Income: House Property

What Is Heads of House Property
According to Chapter 4, Section 22 - 27 of Income Tax Act, 1961 there is a provision of income under head of house property. In every section from 22-27 there are detail specification of house property income. It is defined as income earned by a person through his house or land.

What Income Comes Under Head of House Property:
Annual value of building or land owned by assessee. There is a charge on the potential of property to generate income not on the rent received. But if property is used for making profit in business then it will be taxable not under this head but will be taxable under head of profit in business/ profession.

How to calculate annual value of property:
According to annual value, house property is calculated as
  • Annual value of a house is zero if property is in the occupation of the owner for his residence for the whole year & if no other benefit is availed by owner from his property. There will be no deductions as given under section 24 except deduction interest on borrowed capital
  • If the owner lets out the house or a part thereof for any period of time during the previous year the annual value of the property or part has to be calculated for the whole year and the proportionate annual value of the period for which the house or any part thereof was in the occupation of the owner for his own residence shall be deducted from the gross annual value. The assessee in such cases cannot claim deduction under section 24 in excess of the annual value so determined
  • The assessee occupies more than one house for his residence, the above exemption is applicable only to one such house at the option of the assessee. The annual value of the other house or houses shall be computed as if the house or houses are let
  • In case where the assessee has only one residential house but it cannot be occupied by the owner by reason of that owing to his employment, business or profession carried out on at any other place, he has to reside at that other place in a building not belonging to him, the annual value of such house shall be taken to be nil if the house is not actually let and no other benefit is derived by the owner from such house. The assessee cannot claim any deduction in such case as allowable under section 24 of the Act except for interest on borrowed capital subject to a maximum of Rs. 15,000/-

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