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Surfindia » Finance » Stock Exchanges In India
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Stock Exchanges In India

Stock Exchanges are an organised marketplace, either corporation or mutual organisation, where members of the organisation gather to trade company stocks and other securities. The members may act either as agents for their customers, or as principals for their own accounts.

Stock exchanges also facilitate for the issue and redemption of securities and other financial instruments including the payment of income and dividends. The record keeping is central but trade is linked to such physical place because modern markets are computerised. The trade on an exchange is only by members and stock broker do have a seat on the exchange.

List of Stock Exchanges In India
History of Stock Exchanges In India:
In 1860, the exchange flourished with 60 brokers. In fact the 'Share Mania' in India began when the American Civil War broke and the cotton supply from the US to Europe stopped. Further the brokers increased to 250.

At the end of the war in 1874, the market found a place in a street (now called Dalal Street). In 1887, "Native Share and Stock Brokers' Association" was established. In 1895, the exchange acquired a premise in the street which was inaugurated in 1899.

Stock Exchange Details 1946 1961 1971 1975 1980 1985 1991 1995
No. of Stock Exchanges 7 7 8 8 9 14 20 22
No. of Listed Cos. 1125 1203 1599 1552 2265 4344 6229 8593
No. of Stock Issues of Listed Cos. 1506 2111 2838 3230 3697 6174 8967 11784
Capital of Listed Cos. (Cr. Rs.) 270 753 1812 2614 3973 9723 32041 59583
Market value of Capital of Listed Cos. (Cr. Rs.) 971 1292 2675 3273 6750 25302 110279 478121
Capital per Listed Cos. (4/2) (Lakh Rs.) 24 63 113 168 175 224 514 693
Market Value of Capital per Listed Cos. (Lakh Rs.) (5/2) 86 107 167 211 298 582 1770 5564
Appreciated value of Capital per Listed Cos. (Lak Rs.) 358 170 148 126 170 260 344 803
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