The Indian Christian Marriage Act, 1872, relates to solemnization of marriage of persons professing Christian religion. The Act provides that any marriage solemnized otherwise than in accordance with the Act shall be void.
Under Section 5 of the Act Christian marriages can be solemnized by -
Marriage under Christian Law is in the nature of contract and hence there should be a free and voluntary consent between the parties. When there is a minor, as defined in the Act, the consent of father or guardian is necessary. Marriage is not permissible between the parties who are within the prohibited degrees of relationship under section 19 of the Act. There is no legal impediment for marriage between a Catholic and a Protestant. By marriage, the husband and wife become one person, ie, the legal existence of the women is incorporated and consolidated into that of the husband.
The law regarding divorce, judicial separation and allied matters is contained in the Indian Divorce Act, 1869. Under section 18 of the Act either spouse can seek divorce on the grounds contained in Section 19 which reads as follows:-
Section 19: Grounds for Decree of Divorce :
Under Section 10, the wife can seek the marriage be dissolved on the ground :
Under Section 11, in cases of allegations of adultery, the adulterer should be made a party. Pendent alimony may be granted under Section 36 of the Act.