Other Spellings : Marvari, Marwadi, Marvadi
Other Surnames / Gotras : Birla, Goenka, Khemka, Poddar, Ruia, Jhunjhunwalla, Garg, Mangal, Kucchal, Goyan, Goyal, Bansal, Kansal, Singhal, Jindal, Thingal, Airan, Dharan, Madhukal, Bindal, Mittal, Tayal, Bhandal, Naagal, Parasrampuria
Religion : Hindu
Varna : Vaishya
Dialect : Marwari
Regional Spread : Marwaris are dispersed throughout India and across the globe
Traditional Occupation : Business
Population : Data not available for India. In Pakistan, there are approximately 256,000 Marawaris divided into: Marwari, Southern Marwari and Dhatki Marwari. Marwaris are in sizeable number in Myanmar and Bangladesh also.
Place of Origin : Marwar region of southwest Rajasthan in India.
Chief Deities : Hindu Marwaris worship Ganesha and Laksmi
Food Habits : Marwaris follow a strict vegetarian diet. Their cuisine is spicy, rich in ghee and aromatic. Some special Marwari dishes include allo bhaji, karhi and dal batti.
Specific Traits : Marwari community is known for their honesty. Some people consider the community to be stingy white others refute the claim. A popular saying goes "Marwari baat aur bhaat ke liye jaan bhi dega" (A Marwari will give his life to honor his word and dowry). This is the principle on which most Marwaris do business and succeed.
Marriage Preference : Marwari community prefers arranged marriages. Matchmaking is done strictly within the community by matching horoscope. Utmost care is taken to ensure social and financial status of families is at par. Marwari weddings are an ostentatious affair and are carried out in a traditional manner. It has been noticed that divorce rate is minimal in this community.
Related Communities : The Marwari community can be broadly categorized into the Marwari Agarwals and the Marwari Oswal Jains. As a caste, the Marwaris can be further classified in Agarwals, Maheshwaris, Goels and Oswals. Marwaris usually identify themselves with one of these sub castes.
Marwari Houses : Prominent Marwaris trading, commercial and industrial houses include: Birlas (AV Birla group, Hindustan Motors, Grasim suitings, L&T, BirlaSoft), Jindals (Jindal Steel, Shalimar paints), Bhartias (India glycol, Hindustan Times), Goenkas (HMV, CESC), Jalans, Singhanias (JK Tire, Raymonds), Ruia (Essar steel, Hutch) and Jhunjhunwalas (Bhilwara Suitings). Also famous Marwari Houses are Aggarwal, Bagari, Baid, Bajaj, Bansal, Banthia, Bhut, Bhuwalka, Bindal, Chamaria, Daga, Dalamia, Dhanuka, Dudavewala, Gadia, Ganeriwal, Garodia, Goyal, Jaipuria, Jhanwar, Kankaria, Kanodia, Khandelwal, Khemka, Khetan, Kothari, Lakhotia, Lohia, Malani, Malpani, Oswal, Patodia, Poddar, Rungata, Rupramka, Sabu, Saraf Saravagi, Sekhsaria, Singhi, Sodani, Somani and Surana.
Marwaris refer to a community of entrepreneurs who originally belonged to Marwar and Jodhpur regions of Rajasthan that lies in Thar Desert. The word 'Marwar' is considered to be derived from Sanskrit word Maruwat, the meaning of maru being 'desert'. Some believe that 'Marwar' is made up of 'mar' from alternate name of Jaisalmer and last part war of Mewar.
Marwari community originally belonged to specific social groups including Agarwals, Maheshwaris, Oswals, Khandelwals and Porwals. However, over a period of time people of other social groups belonging to same culture and ethnicity also became part of the Marwari Diaspora.
Earlier Marwaris included only the business community but later, people from other professions like commerce, industries and service-class, who believed in traditional Rajasthani culture were also known as Marwaris. Thus, people from Haryana and Malwa region were also included in Marwaris.
also read Marwari Wedding