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Aurnachali People

aurnachali Wedding

Other Spellings / Synonyms : Arunachali, Arunachal People, Arunachalis

Religion : Majority of Aurnachali people follow Buddhism. The other religions followed are Hinduism, Islam, Christianity.

Language : Main languages spoken in the state are Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, English, Adi, Nishi, Monpa

Regional Spread : Mainly Arunachal Pradesh - north east state in India

Population : 1,091,117 (according to 2001 census)

Food Habits : Both vegetarian and non-vegetarian

Marriage Preference : Seek marriage alliance within their own caste and community.

Famous Personalities

  • - Gegong Apang (CM of Arunachal Pradesh)
  • - Mukut Mithi (Ex-CM of Arunachal Pradesh)
  • - Rajani Kanta Patir (administrator)
  • - Mrinal Miri (scholar)

History and Origin :

bout 65% of the Arunachalis belong to 20 major-collective tribes and 82 tribes, who had a heritage of a diverse and rich culture, language and beliefs. Most of them are either of Tibetan or of Thai-Burmese origin. Another 35% of the population are immigrants including Bangladeshi, Bodo Hajong and Chakma expatriates, and immigrants from other parts of India, notably Assam and Nagaland. Most notable tribes include the Adi, Nishi Monpa and Apa Tani.

Broadly the Arunachal people may be divided into three cultural groups on the basis of their socio-religious affinities.

  • - The Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng districts follow the Lamaism tradition of Mahayana Buddhism.
  • - Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Bangnis, Nishis, Mishmis, Mijis, Thongsas etc. worship Sun and Moon God namely, Donyi-Polo and Abo-Tani, the original ancestors for most of these tribes. Their religious rituals, largely coincide with phases of agricultural cycles. They invoke nature deities and make animal sacrifices.
  • - The third group comprises Noctes and Wanchos,adjoining Nagaland in the Tirap District. The Noctes also practise elementary form of Vaishnavism.