Mizo People

Other Surnames / Gotras : The Mizos are divided into numerous tribes and sub-tribes, which include the Lushai, the Ralte, the Hmar, the Khiangte, the Paite, the Mara, and the Pawi.

Religion : Almost all ethnic Mizos are Christian, mostly Presbyterian and Baptist. A minority of the Mizos have recently been observing Judaism.

Language : Languages of Mizos (of which the largest is Lushai) belong to the Tibeto-Burman family, and are closely related to those of the Chin in the adjacent Chin State of Myanmar, as well as those of the Nagas, Kukis and others.

Regional Spread : Mizo population is found in north eastern India, primarily in the state of Mizoram, where they are a majority. There are also smaller numbers of Mizos in Myanmar (chiefly in Chin State) and Bangladesh (chiefly in the Chittagong Hill Tracts).

Traditional Occupation : Agriculture is the main occupation of Mizo people and shifting cultivation continues to be the predominant practice.

Population : 8 lakhs approximately

Food Habits : Mainly non-vegetarian. Their traditional food includes fermented pork fat, smoked dried salted meat and fish.

Marriage Preference : Seek matrimonial alliances in their own community. A traditional Mizo marriage is proceeded by courtship and engagement. The boy and girl are allowed to mix freely during the engagement period. But an engagement may be broken off midway through if the couple fails who get on with each other. As the majority of the Mizos are now Christians, marriages are solemnized in Church.
History and Origin : The origin of the Mizo tribe is shrouded in mystery. They are generally accepted as part of a great Mongoloid wave of migration from China and later moved out to India to their present habitat. The earliest Mizos who migrated to India were known as Kukis, the second batch of immigrants were called New Kukis. The Lushais were the last of the Mizo tribes migrate to India. They came under the influence of the British Missionaries in the 9th century, and now most of the Mizos are Christians.

The Mizo history in the 18th and 19th Century is marked by several instances of tribal raids and retaliatory expeditions of security. Mizo Hills were formally declared as part of the British-India by a proclamation in 1895. North and south hills were united into Lushai Hills district in 1898 with Aizawl as its headquarters.

About : The Mizos are a scheduled tribe in northeastern India, primarily in the state of Mizoram. Here they are in majority. Mizo people live in a close-knit society with no class distinction and no discrimination on grounds of sex. The entire Mizo society is knitted together by a peculiar code of ethics called Tlawmngaihna. This concept makes each individual responsible for his/her actions and demands that he/she be hospitable, helpful, considerate and honest in his dealings with others.

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