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Surf India » Festivals » Hinduism » Durga Puja


Durga Puja

Durga Puja start from Thursday 5th Oct to 13th Oct 2013
Maa Durga Aarti Legends of Durga Puja Celebrations of Durga Puja
9 Avtars of Durga Significance of Durga Pooja 108 Names of Goddess Durga
Navratri Durga Pooja Recipes Rama Navami

Durga Puja Durga Puja is an important Hindu festival which is marked by worshipping Goddess Durga during a period lasting 9 days. Celebrations of Durga Puja are visible throughout the country especially in the state of West Bengal where the festivities take gigantic proportions. Many pandals (makeshift structures) are decorated during the Durga Puja festival in honour of Goddess Durga. Fasting, festival dishes, devotional songs, decorations are some of the main aspects of the Durga Puja festivals.

Durga Puja is a festival which epitomises the victory of Good over Evil. Today, the festivities associated with Durga Puja can best be enjoyed at the various Durga Puja pandals which come up across the country. These pandals play various music and devotional songs in honour of Goddess Durga and are aesthetically decorated to provide for an ideal setting to offer prayers to Goddess Durga.

Different Names of Durga Puja Festival

Durga Puja festival is known and celebrated with different names in various parts of India. In Bengal, Durga Pooja is also known as Akalbodhan (untimely awakening of Durga), Durgotsab (festival of Durga), Maayer Pujo (worship of the Mother). Durga Puja festival is also called Navratri Puja in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Delhi. It is celebrated as Kullu Dussehra in Kullu Valley, Himachal Pradesh.

When is Durga Pooja

Durga Pooja is celebrated twice a year, once in the month of Chaitra (April-May) and then in Ashwin (September-October). On both Occasions nine different forms of Goddess Durga is worshipped threfore called Durga Navratri (nine nights). According to the Hindu Calendar Durga Pooja festival starts on the first day and ends on tenth day of bright half (Shukla Paksha) of Ashwin month.

Celebrations of Durga Puja Festival

Durga Puja Durga pooja is celebrated extensively all over India but West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand, Orissa, Bihar are the states where beautiful idols of the Mother Goddess are worshipped in elaborate pandals, durga temples for nine days, and on the tenth day, these are carried out in procession for visarjan (immersion) in a river or pond.

The festivities start with the first day called Mahalaya. It is also the day of the beginning of the countdown to the Durga Puja. The face of the goddess remains covered until the bodhon (unveiling) ritual is performed on Sasthi - the sixth day of the moon. Fast is observed on this day by women for the well being of their families.

The Goddess is worshipped as a kumari or young girl, and reveals herself in her true form Mahasaptami (the seventh day of the moon). On Mahastami (eighth day) and Mahanavami (ninth day) the celebrations reach a fever pitch. New shining clothes, smiling faces, dancing devotees, chantings of Mantras, spectacular display of lights and the rhythmic beat of dhak (drums) adds excitement to the festive Occasions. On Vijay Dashami (tenth day) the idol of Durga is immersed in water after performing customary rituals. The ten-armed goddess dazzles the devotees with her splendour and appearance of fiery valour during her short stay every year.

Durga Pooja Recipes

The 10 day Durga Pooja festivities are celebrated with lot of fanfare and excitement. Popular dishes are prepared during the Durga pooja celebrations which spice up the festive mood of the people. Recipes for popular dishes prepared during the Durga Pooja celebrations can be found on our Recipes section. Some of the noteworthy mentions include popular dishes like: Rasgulla, Sondesh, Mishti Doi and Luchi. You can get many more exciting recipes on our Recipes section which can be tried out during any occasion. We have a vast collection of exciting Indian recipes which are well-categorised for easier navigation.

Significance of Durga Pooja Festival

Durga is an incarnation of power the resides in every element of this universe. The literary meaning of Durga is difficult to approach. Being Durga, Goddess Durga is the embodiment of intelligence, power, wealth, beauty and mercy that is creator, preserver and destroyer of this universe.

During Durga Puja festival, nine different forms of Goddess Durga is worshipped. The whole image of ten-headed and multi-armed mother goddess riding on a Lion is shown destroying buffalo-demon Mahishasura. This image signifies the victory of Good over Evil and also tells to invoke divinity by controlling the senses to get diverted to bad habits.

Durga Pooja festival is a celebration of life and its traditional and valuable culture.

Legends of Durga Puja

According to a Puranic legend attached to this day, demon Mahishasur vanquished the gods and their king, Indra, who approached the Holy Trinity, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. They in turn sought the help of the divine mother Durga who, equipped with lethal weapons, riding a ferocious lion, in all her awesome majesty, killed Mahishasur. This day, thus, also celebrates the magnificence and omnipotence of Goddess Durga.

The festival of Durga Pooja has its link with Pandavas. According to the great Indian epic the Mahabharat, the Pandavas had to spend 12 years wandering in the forest and one year in camouflaged form. The Pandavas spent their last year in the court of Virat. On the end of one year Pandavas regained their arms from the shammi tree and declared their true identification. It was the day of Vijay Dashmi. Since that day the exchange of Shami leaves has become the symbol glory and triumph.

9 Avtars(form) of Maa Durga

1st day - Kalasha Sthapana - Shailaputri Puja
2nd day - Preeti Dwitiya - Brahmacharini Puja
3rd day - Chandrakanta pooja or Chandraghanta puja
4th day - Kushmanda pooja
5th day - Skandamata Puja - Lalitha Panchami
6th day - Katyayani Puja - Maha Shashti or Durga Shashti
7th day - Kaalratri Pooja - Durga Saptami or Maha Sapthami
8th day - Maha Gauri Pooja - (Durgashtami Puja/Maha Ashtami/Veerashtami)
9th day - Siddhidatri Puja - (Mahanavami/Maharnavami or Durga Navami)
10th day - Vijaya Dashami or Dussehra

108 Names of Goddess Durga

Names Meanings
Sati One who got burned alive
Saadhvi The Sanguine
Bhavaprita One who is loved by the universe
Bhavaani The abode of the universe
Bhavamochani The absolver of the universe
Aarya Goddess
Durga The Invincible
Jaya The Victorious
Aadya The Initial reality
Trinetra One who has three-eyes
Shooldharini One who holds a monodent
Pinaakadharini One who holds the trident of Shiva
Chitra The Picturesque
Chandaghanta One who has mighty bells
Mahatapa With severe penance
Manah Mind
Buddhi Intelligence
Ahankaara One with Pride
Chittarupa One who is in thought-state
Chita Death-bed
Chiti The thinking mind
Sarvamantramayi One who possess all the instruments of thought
Satta One who is above all
Satyanandasvarupini Form of Eternal bliss
Ananta One who is Infinite or beyond measure
Bhaavini The Beautiful Woman
Bhaavya Represents Future
Bhavya With Magnificence
Abhavya Improper or fear-causing
Sadagati Always in motion, bestowing Moksha (salvation)
Shaambhavi Consort of Shambhu
Devamata Mother Goddess
Chinta Tension
Ratnapriya Adorned or loved by jewels
Sarvavidya Knowledgeable
Dakshakanya Daughter of Daksha
Dakshayajñavinaashini Interrupter of the sacrifice of Daksha
Aparna One who doesnt eat even leaves while fasting
Anekavarna One who has many complexions
Paatala Red in color
Paatalavati Wearing red-color attire
Pattaambaraparidhaana Wearing a dress made of leather
Kalamanjiiraranjini Wearing a musical anklet
Ameyaa One who is beyond measure
Vikrama Violent
Krrooraa Brutal (on demons)
Sundari The Gorgeous
Sursundari Extremely Beautiful
Vandurga Goddess of forests
Maatangi Goddess of Matanga
Matangamunipujita Worshipped by Sage Matanga
Braahmi Power of God Brahma
Maaheshvari Power of Lord Mahesha (Shiva)
Aeindri Power of God Indra
Kaumaari The adolescent
Vaishnavi The invincible
Chaamunda Slayer of Chanda and Munda(demons)
Vaarahi One who rides on Varaah
Lakshmi Goddess of Wealth
Purushaakriti One who takes the form of a man
Vimalauttkarshini One who provides joy
Gyaana Full of Knowledge
Kriya One who is in action
Nitya The eternal one
Buddhida The bestower of wisdom
Bahula One who is in various forms
Bahulaprema One who is loved by all
Sarvavahanavahana One who rides all vehicles
NishumbhaShumbhaHanani Slayer of the demon-brothers Shumbha Nishumbha
MahishasuraMardini Slayer of the bull-demon Mahishaasura
MadhuKaitabhaHantri Slayer of the demon-duo Madhu and Kaitabha
ChandaMundaVinashini Destroyer of the ferocious asuras Chanda and Munda
Sarvasuravinasha Destroyer of all demons
Sarvadaanavaghaatini Possessing the power to kill all the demons
Sarvashaastramayi One who is deft in all theories
Satya The truth
Sarvaastradhaarini Possessor of all the missile weapons
Anekashastrahasta Possessor of many hand weapons
AnekastraDhaarini Possessor of many missile weapons
Komaari The beautiful adolescent
Ekakanya The girl child
Kaishori The adolescent
Yuvati The Woman
Yati Ascetic, one who renounces the world
Apraudha One who never gets old
Praudha One who is old
Vriddhamaata The old mother (loosely)
Balaprada The bestower of strength
Mahodari One who has huge belly which stores the universe
Muktakesha One who has open tresses
Ghorarupa Having a fierce outlook
Mahaabala Having immense strength
Agnijwaala One who is poignant like fire
Raudramukhi One who has a fierce face like destroyer Rudra
Kaalaratri Goddess who is black like night
Tapasvini one who is engaged in penance
Narayani The destructive aspect of Lord Narayana (Brahma)
Bhadrakaali Fierce form of Kali
Vishnumaya Spell of Lord Vishnu
Jalodari Abode of the ethereal universe
Shivadooti Ambassador of Lord Shiva
Karaali The Violent
Ananta The Infinite
Parameshvari The Ultimate Goddess
Katyayani One who is worshipped by sage Katyanan
Savitri Daughter of the Sun God Savitr
Pratyaksha One who is real
Brahmavaadini One who is present everywhere


Maa Durga Aarti

Jai Ambe Gauri, Maiya Jai Shyama Gauri!
Tumko Nish-Din Dhyavat, Hari Brahma Shivri !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Maang Sindoor Virajat, Tiko Mrig-Mad Ko!
Ujjwal Se Dou Naina, Chandra Vadan Niko !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Kanak Samaan Kalewar, Raktaambar Raaje!
Rakt Pushp Gal-Mala, Kanthan Par Saaje !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Kehri Vahan Rajat Kharag Khapar Dhaari!
Sur Nar Muni Jan Sevat, Tinke Dukh Haari !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Kanan Kundal Shobhit , Naas-Agre Moti !
Kotik Chandra Divakar, Sum Rajat Jyoti !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Shumbh Ni-Shumbh Vidare,Mahisha Sur Ghati!
Dhumra-Vilochan Naina, Nish-Din Mad Mati !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Chandh Mundh Sangh-Haare, Shonit Beej Hare!
Madhu Kaitabh Dou Maare,Sur Bhe Heen Kare !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Brahmani Rudrani, Tum Kamla Rani!
Aagam Nigam Bakhani, Tum Shiv Patrani !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Chon-Sath Yogini Gavat, Nritya Karat Bhairon!
Baajat Taal Mridanga, Aur Baajat Damaroo !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Tum Ho Jag Ki Maata, Tum Hi Ho Bharta!
Bhakto Ki Dukh Harata, Sukh Sampati Karata !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Bhuja Chaar Ati Shobhit, Var Mudra Dhaari!
Man Vaanchit Phal Pavat, Sevat Nar Naari !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Kanchan Thaal Virajat, Agar Kapoor Baati !
Shri Maal-Ketu Me Rajat, Kotik Ratan Jyoti !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

Shri Ambe ji ki Aarti, Jo Koi Nar Gaave !
Kahat Shivanand Swami, Sukh Sampati Paave !!
!! Jai Ambe Gauri !!

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